Academic research institutions and civil society organizations (CSOs) across Canada are motivated to collaborate on research partnerships as a way to produce rigorous research, improve practice in the field, and shape evidence-based international development policy. But how do we ensure such partnerships remain fair, equitable, and effective? This summary report shares the initial findings from a multiple-case study of seven research partnerships across Canada that examines the power dynamics, and the political and economic contexts that affect how partners structure—and make meaning of—collaboration.