Budget brief 2017: Bringing Canada Back In Global Development
Official Development Assistance (ODA) is one essential way in which Canada contributes to building a better world. This brief outlines some priority opportunities where Budget 2017 can make meaningful and practical contributions to Canadian and global objectives in the areas of global development and humanitarian assistance – working in collaboration with all development actors to improve the effectiveness of Canada’s development cooperation. This brief touches upon five areas where we can do this: through a ten-year timetable for increasing our ODA; greater transparency over spending; a strong focus on the poorest and most marginalized, in particular women and girls; a humanitarian response commensurate with growing needs; and a commitment to new and additional climate finance.
Modern Charities, Ancient Rules:
Public Policy Activities and Canada's Global Development Sector Submission to the Canada Revenue Agency's Consultation on Charities’ Political Activities (PDF, 2.66 MB)
CCIC member organizations have been working together for many years to address charity regulation issues affecting the sector. Charity regulation reform and clarification have been identified by its membership as a priority to improve the enabling environment for Canadian organizations working to end global poverty and promote sustainable human development. CCIC frequently organizes workshops for members with charity law experts and has an active CRA Reference Group of member organizations dedicated to examining the legal framework for the sector. CCIC is also an active participant in other umbrella groups and coalitions that work collectively on issues of the legal and regulatory framework for the Canadian non-profit and charitable sector.
To further inform this submission, CCIC conducted two national surveys of international development and humanitarian assistance organizations in September 2016 and October 2016 to gather knowledge and views on (a) the rules related to charities’ ‘direction and control’ requirements and (b) ‘political activities’ respectively.
In Our Words: Discourse Analysis of Submissions to the International Assistance Review
(PDF, 1.6 MB)
This discourse analysis identifies key areas of emphasis, as well as convergence and divergence, in the CCIC submission, GAC’s discussion paper, and the collective submissions by the broader community. The convergences and divergences constitute the basis for more in-depth analysis of the submissions – with the areas of convergence signaling areas where CCIC should continue its advocacy, and areas of divergence as areas where CCIC could further develop its policy analysis and advocacy.
This chapter reports on the progress made in Canada on the adoption of the Istanbul Principles and on the strengthening of CSO development effectiveness. The chapter is divided into the six sections: (1) the Canadian political environment; (2) a typology of the roles and responsibilities of CSOs in Canada; (3) an overview of the current Canadian enabling environment; (4) efforts to promote and implement the Istanbul Principles in Canada; (5) mechanisms for CSO accountability and transparency; and (6) recommendations to the government, civil society actors, and CPDE actions.
Canada's contribution to a fairer, more sustainable, and safer world - (PDF 1.3MB) Brief - (PDF 888kb) July 2016 This submission is informed by the policy work undertaken by CCIC in recent years, as well as by the many inputs developed and received around the International Assistance Review consultation process. CCIC's staff participated in eight high-level and one working-level consultations hosted by Global Affairs Canada. In addition, CCIC organized eight roundtables, including three roundtables solely for Chief Executive Officers and Executive Directors (representing 40 organizations) on Delivering Results, and an expert roundtable on Innovation co-organized with Grand Challenges Canada. CCIC staff also participated in 12 roundtable consultations organized by CCIC members. During the review process, CCIC provided over 20 summaries and analysis documents of the consultations for our organizational members, which many of them used to inform their own submissions.
SMART, TRANSPARENT, AND IMPACTFUL AID: Submission to Consultations on Budget 2016 February 2016 (PDF 393 KB)
Official Development Assistance (ODA or aid) is one essential way in which Canada contributes to building a better world. This brief outlines some priority opportunities where Budget 2016 can make meaningful and practical contributions to Canadian and global objectives in the areas of international development and humanitarian assistance – working in collaboration with all development actors to improve the effectiveness of Canada’s development cooperation. This brief touches upon five areas where we can do this: through a ten-year timetable for increasing our ODA; greater transparency over spending; a strong focus on the poorest and most marginalized, in particular women; a humanitarian response commensurate with growing needs; and a commitment to new and additional climate finance.
Transforming our world: Canadian perspectives on the Sustainable Development Goals January 2016 (PDF 2.27 MB)
This publication is the result of an initial collaboration between the Canadian Council for International Co-operation (CCIC) and the Canadian International Development Platform (CIDP). The idea began as a short series of blogs to be published through the CIDP ahead of the High-Level United Nations summit for the adoption of the post 2015 development agenda, held from September 25-27, 2015. It quickly transformed into a more comprehensive series of blogs, led by CCIC, through the Huffington Post’s Development Unplugged. Given the popularity of the Huffington Post series, CCIC assembled the full set of articles from the series into a French and English publication, with four additional articles unique to the publication, respectively providing a child, youth, indigenous, and disability perspective on the SDGs, as well as a guide for University and College Professors to use the publication or individual articles to animate class discussions. Many of the entries, in particular the opening overview, have been updated for this publication to better reflect any developments since they were first published.
MOVING OUR COMMON AGENDA FORWARD: International development and humanitarian assistance priorities for the new government January 2016 (PDF 585 KB)
This brief focuses on some of the priority international development and humanitarian assistance challenges and policy areas that Canadian civil society organizations (CSOs) have been addressing over the past few years. It provides a short background on each issue, and identifies where we have made progress and where there are still gaps. Finally, it puts forward concrete proposals of what Global Affairs Canada (GAC), in collaboration with CSOs, can do to move this agenda forward – five proposals for the first hundred days and five proposals for the first year. CCIC believes these proposals will further enhance the capacity of CSOs to realize their full potential as independent development actors in their own right. Establishing a new strategic partnership between GAC and CCIC would help support the implementation of this agenda.
Update on Canadian Official Development Assistance: Time for Canadian aid to really bounce back January 2016 (PDF 447 KB)
This brief provides an update on Canada’s aid spending across two different measures: the international assistance envelope (IAE) and official development assistance (ODA). While Canadian ODA or aid has taken a big hit in recent years, it would appear that overall Canadian aid or ODA has bounced back from $4.86 billion in 2013-14 to $5.67 billion in 2014-15. But a closer look at what has ushered in this sharp rise tells a different story. This brief looks at these numbers and reiterates the need for a real and predictable increase to Canadian aid.
Review of the Overhead Compensation Policy for DFATD contribution agreements: A civil society perspective December 2015 (PDF 461 KB)
This is the brief submitted by the Canadian Council for International Co-operation (CCIC) to the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD) as part of the review of the Overhead Compensation Policy for the department’s contribution agreements (from February 2008). DFATD presented the parameters of this review to its partners at an official consultation in May 2015. The objectives are to arrive at a clear, simple and concise policy that optimizes government investment; to ensure the appropriateness of compensation for overhead costs; to identify cost drivers in order to determine whether the rate of 12% is equitable; and to clarify certain points (such as the distinction between direct and indirect costs as well as concepts such as flow-through funds, construction costs and volume purchases). Following this meeting, CCIC decided to conduct a survey with its members and other civil society organizations and to prepare this brief. 75 different organizations participated in this survey.
Report on Survey Sent to Parties October 2015 (PDF 349 KB)
With the upcoming federal election, we wanted to hear from our leaders how they plan to tackle poverty and inequality, at home and abroad. We also wanted to know how they will work to implement the new sustainable development goals, or global goals as they are being called, that were adopted at the United Nations on September 25 by 160 governments and heads of state. A questionnaire was sent to leaders of the five main federal political parties on September 18th. Four parties responded, with the exception of the Conservative Party.
DFATD’s International Development and Humanitarian Civil Society Partnership Policy: Milestones to Measure Progress August 2015 (PDF 701 KB)
In February 2015, the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD) released the International Development and Humanitarian Civil Society Partnership Policy. It articulates nine objectives and actions it will pursue to support the work of civil society organizations (CSOs) in advancing Canadian development and humanitarian priorities. The government has committed to reviewing the policy’s implementation on an annual basis with civil society. This brief lays out a set of milestones and indicators, from a civil society perspective, to measure progress in implementing the policy in the first five years after its adoption.
The Post-2015 Development Framework: International Process and Canadian Priorities (version 4) June 2015 (PDF 745 KB)
As the deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approaches, United Nations’ member states, civil society, and the private sector worldwide are engaging in discussions to propose a new sustainable development framework to succeed the MDGs in 2015. This paper looks at:
1. the process to date,
2. the current state of play towards developing a post-2015 framework, including how it will be financed, and
3. Canadian priorities for post-2015.
Achieving Impact Where it Matters: A Joint Statement by Civil Society Coalitions on the Implementation of the Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction March 2015 (PDF 467 KB)
The Hyogo Framework for Action on Disaster Risk Reduction (HFA) has provided critical guidance to reduce disaster risk. Its implementation has, however, highlighted gaps in addressing the underlying risk factors and effectively safeguarding communities. Evidence at the local level indicates that impacts are increasing. This is due to policies and plans not adequately addressing the reality on the ground. In particular, this includes the constant threat of small-scale, recurrent, localized disasters. However, these disasters are largely unacknowledged and unrecorded, leaving communities to fend for themselves. In order to build on the successes of the HFA and address its shortcomings, the Post-2015 Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Framework must work to address reality at the local level. The new framework calls for actors to identify their roles in implementation.
The Post-2015 Development Framework: International Process and Canadian Priorities (version 3) February 2015 (PDF 651 KB)
As the deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approaches, United Nations’ member states, civil society, and the private sector worldwide are engaging in discussions to propose a new sustainable development framework to succeed the MDGs in 2015. This paper looks at 1. the process to date, 2. the current state of play towards developing a post-2015 framework, and 3. Canadian priorities for post-2015.
The Post-2015 Development Framework: International Process and Canadian Priorities (version 2) August 2014 (PDF 761 KB)
As the deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approaches, United Nations’ member states, civil society, and the private sector worldwide are engaging in discussions to propose a new sustainable development framework to succeed the MDGs in 2015. This paper looks at the process to date, the current state of play towards developing a post-2015 framework, and Canadian priorities for post-2015.
Leveraging the Private Sector? An overview and analysis of how Canadian international development organizations are engaging the private sector through advocacy, dialogue, promotion and partnership March 2014 (PDF 1.8 MB)
Over the past several years, the role of the private sector in development, particularly how these actors can address global development challenges, has garnered increased attention. As a result, donors and many civil society organizations (CSOs) are considering how to engage the private sector to achieve various development objectives. In anticipation of what this latter trend may mean for the future of the international development CSO community in Canada, the Canadian Council for International Co-operation (CCIC) launched a research project in 2013 to explore how Canadian CSOs are engaging the private sector. To capture this information, CCIC canvassed members of the CSO community. Drawing on the results of a comprehensive survey, this report provides a broad overview or map of how the 62 CSOs who responded to the survey are currently engaging the private sector, what the key dynamics are of this engagement, and what organizations are planning to do in the future. An Executive Summary (PDF 894 KB) of the report is also available.
Consultation on CSR strategy for the extractive sector December 2013 (PDF 197 KB)
CCIC responded to the government’s invitation to submit inputs to its process of assessing the CSR strategy for the extractive sector, adopted in 2009. The document formulates four key recommendations.
Strength in Numbers: Metrics on the international development community in Canada November 2013 (PDF 637 KB)
In response to some work that Imagine Canada has done around defining several metrics for the charitable sector in Canada, and to support the work that we are doing on developing a new narrative for our sector, this report was commissioned to identify some key metrics for the development and humanitarian community - different numbers that give a better sense of who we are. It was felt that this information could help demonstrate the importance of the international development community in Canada and revamp the way we talk with the public about ourselves and our work.
This is a new paper published by The North-South Institute and CCIC. Over the past few years, members of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (OECDDAC)—the forum through which donor countries coordinate their aid efforts—have renewed their focus on economic growth and the private sector as driving forces behind development. Despite these trends, donor policies for promoting economic growth and the private sector have received very little comparative analysis. This paper seeks to address that gap with an initial mapping and exploratory assessment of bilateral donor strategies on the private sector and economic growth. The paper is based on an examination of publicly available OECD-DAC donor policies reviewed between January and June of 2012, including websites, strategy papers, policy documents, and donor commitments at HLF4 and in other multilateral fora. Taking a framework analysis approach, the objective of the paper is to identify emerging themes in donor policies around growth and the private sector by comparing and contrasting different elements of donors’ strategies. A shorter version (PDF 884 KB) is also available, as well as a Power Point presentation.
Comments on the Report of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development November 2012 (PDF 902 KB)
On November 7, 2012, the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development (FAAE) tabled its report on the role of the private sector in achieving Canada’s international development mandate, following a series of hearings the Committee held to study the theme over the past year. Entitled “Driving inclusive economic growth: the role of the private sector in international development”, the report provides a summary of the range of views that were presented at the hearings, and a series of recommendations to the Canadian government, and more specifically to the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). This brief analysis of the report aims to identify the gaps in the report and some of the areas that require more attention and reflection, and also addresses some of the recommendations the Report makes to CIDA.
Practitioners Activity Guide, Open Forum for CSO Development Effectiveness August 2012 (PDF 8.7 MB) In collaboration with the Open Forum for CSO Development Effectiveness
The aim of this new resource is to train CSO practitioners to transmit the concepts and collective experience behind the International Framework and the accompanying toolkits, and to help CSOs take those first conceptual and planning steps on the path to improving their effectiveness.
Commentary on the Canadian International Institute for Extractive Industries and Development May 2012 (PDF 90 KB)
In early May 2012, CCIC was invited to submit comments to CIDA to “help define thefocus and activities of the International Institute for Extractive Industries and Development leading to a call for proposals to choose a Canadian university to host the Institute”. While welcoming the opportunity to contribute comments to the process, CCIC requested that a formal multi-stakeholder consultation process, with more directed questions and with a clear mechanism for recommendations to be considered in the final design of the Institute, be included in the start-up phase of this endeavor.
Dialogue on Development and the Mining Sector May 2012 (PDF 243 KB)
On May 22, 2012, CCIC convened a dialogue of 20 people from 14 organizations on the mining sector and development focusing on NGO partnerships and engagement with mining companies. The group identified some common starting points, which are explained in this one-pager.
Putting the Istanbul Principles into Practice November 2011 (PDF 892 KB) In collaboration with the Open Forum for CSO Development Effectiveness
A Companion Toolkit to the Siem Reap Consensus on the International Framework for CSO Development Effectiveness
Advocacy Toolkit November 2011 (PDF 1.25 MB) In collaboration with the Open Forum for CSO Development Effectiveness
Guidance on how to advocate for a more enabling environment for civil society in your context
CIDA/CCIC Cooperation Agreement April 2011 (PDF 150 KB)
CCIC’s call for a new Cooperation Agreement between CIDA and Canadian NGO's which would set out shared principles and commitments to support each other's work.
Human Rights Impact Assessments for Trade and Investment Agreements June 2010 (PDF 390 KB) In collaboration with seven organizations worldwide
This report sets out key issues and methodologies for conducting human rights impact assessments (HRIAs) for trade and investment agreements. It reviews the conclusions of an international expert seminar on the issue convened under the auspices of the UN Special Rapporteur for the Right to Food, Olivier De Schutter. The report is also available in Spanish.
Rules for Charities Working Overseas – Guide April 2010 (PDF 1 MB)
This guidebook was developed in the context of a two-year project implemented by the Canadian Council for International Co-operation (CCIC) with financial support from the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). The goal of the project is to assist Canadian international development charities with overseas activities, by enhancing their capacity to increase compliance with Income Tax Act requirements.
Bilateral Investment Treaties: A Canadian Primer April 2010 (PDF 163 KB)
Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) make up one part of a global investment regime that governs how countries and their governments can regulate foreign-owned assets. In Canada, BITs are called Foreign Investment Protection and Promotion Agreements (FIPAs). Canada is a major promoter of these instruments.
CCIC's Key Messages for the UN Climate Summit in Copenhagen
December 2009 CCIC has developed a series of briefing notes on environmental justice and climate change that highlight priorities for Copenhagen 2009. The briefing notes call for equity and justice to be at the heart of a legally-binding agreement at the upcoming Climate Summit, and identify other policy reforms that are key for a comprehensive Canadian agenda to address environmental justice and climate change.
Canada's Humanitarian Donorship: A Working Paper November 2009 (PDF 232 KB)
The paper examines issues of volume, timeliness, flexibility and the extent to which funds for humanitarian assistance are allocated according to needs. The working paper presents the perspectives and priorities of Canadian humanitarian agencies vis-à-vis Canada’s humanitarian donorship and its consistency with the spirit of the Good Humanitarian Donorship principles. As a working paper, it is open for review and is intended to stimulate discussion.
Toward Good Practice in Public Engagement: A participatory evaluation guide for CSOs May 2009 (PDF 778 KB)
This guide was launched at the at CCIC’s Public Engagement Forum in May. Toward Good Practice presents the findings from last year’s Public Engagement Practices (PEP) project. PEP, a year-long joint initiative of CCIC, the Atlantic Council for International Cooperation, the Canadian Nurses Association, Jamaican Self-Help and the Fair Trade Manitoba initiative of the Manitoba Council for International Cooperation, was designed to help participating organizations prove and improve their practices in public engagement through the use of participatory evaluation methodologies. The guidebook explores how to test for organizational readiness for conducting participatory evaluations; outlines a framework for evaluation; and documents the experiences of the four PEP organizations and what these experiences tell us about good practice in public engagement.
Aid in the Crosshairs: Civil-Military Relations in Afghanistan April 2009 (PDF 310 KB)
This briefing note documents the growing insecurity experienced by Afghan civilians and aid workers and points to the perceived association between international military forces and civilian aid efforts as a key cause. It recommends measures Canada and like-minded allies can take to enhance civilian security, humanitarian access, development effectiveness and peace-building and reconciliation.
Making a Bad Situation Worse: An Analysis of the Text of the Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement March 2009 (PDF 380 KB) In collaboration with the Canadian Association of Labour Lawyers, Canadian Labour Congress and Canadian for Policy Alternatives
While trade can support development and the realization of human rights, the authors find that neither the political conditions in Colombia, nor the terms of this FTA meet the criteria that would allow that to happen. The report is also available in Spanish (PDF 960 KB).
Environmental Justice briefing papers now available January 2009 Three discussion papers were prepared as backgrounders for the "Reclaiming the Commons - Promoting a North/South Agenda for Environmental Justice" policy roundtable that was held in Ottawa on January 14, 2009. They focus on environmental issues which currently intersect with CCIC policy work.
Is Canada turning its back on the Democratic Republic of Congo? November 2008 (PDF 157 KB)
Peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) remains illusory, despite a number of on-going peace efforts. Unless the international community, including Canada, remains engaged, the country runs the risk of being subsumed by violence, according to a report released by CCIC.
The Strategic Use of IT in Youth Engagement for Global Citizenship October 2008 (PDF 627 KB)
This article summarizes the findings of a research conducted by CCIC in collaboration with its member on the potential of Information Technology (IT) for youth engagement. It is intended as a resource to help stakeholders involved in public engagement develop an effective strategy and select the right tools for achieving their objectives. It also presents a glossary of technologies, some innovative practices and numerous links to online resources. Also, read the strategy guide (PDF 359 KB).
World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought for 2008 - Final Forum Report September 2008 (PDF 126 KB) In collaboration with Unisfera International Centre, Farm Radio International, UNITERRA/WUSC, Care Canada
In June, to mark the 2008 World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought, a special forum on small scale agriculture and adaptation to climate change in Africa brought to Ottawa representatives from Canadian civil society organizations, CIDA and other government departments, and national and international institutions.
Afghanistan: A Study on the Prospects for Peace March 2008 (PDF 178 KB)
This paper calls on the international community to support peace efforts – Is peace in Afghanistan possible? Findings released today in Afghanistan: A Study on the Prospects for Peace, show that a number of nascent peace efforts are, in fact, already underway. These peace efforts, however, are disconnected and lack support from the international community.