Africa Canada Forum’s Annual Colloquium
October 14-15, 2014
For more information, please contact Kimberly MacMillan
Queen’s University Forum on Community Relations in the Extractive Sector
August 18-19, 2014
Peoples' Social Forum
August 21-24, 2014
The Panel: What role should Canada play in the Horn of Africa
October 1, 2014
Canadian Society for International Health - 21st Canadian Conference on Global Health: Partnerships for Global Health
November 2-4, 2014
Deadline to submit an abstract – May 30, 2014
2014 Canadian Humanitarian Conference: Adaptation and Innovation: Canada’s Contributions to Humanitarian Response
December 4-5, 2014
Deadline to submit an abstract – September 15, 2014
Christian Paradis reinforces Canada’s commitment to volunteer programs
May 15, 2014
Pushing for Change in the Garment Industry
May 29, 2014
Canadian International Council – OpenCanada.org
Le rapport du gouvernement canadien faussé dès le départ
June 14, 2014
Please note that our next Flash! issue will be published in August. Until then, we wish you a great summer!
So much has been written about the MNCH summit last month – on the amazing showcasing of Canadian leadership and the long and illustrious list of invitees, and the grandiose announcement, and the absence of commitment to sexual reproductive rights, and much more. Much was written on all this – which in itself is a first positive impact of the summit: that it generated a lot of coverage around an international development story, and that the coverage included divergent opinions around the MNCH agenda and attendant issues.
For me personally, the summit was a great opportunity to get up to speed on a file that has been hailed as one of the success stories in recent times of our sector (civil society) collaborating closely around, and even wielding influence on, a top priority agenda item of the current government. It is also a file that involves a vast number of CCIC’s members, but which we have kept our distance from at CCIC – knowing that there was little value we could add to the already impressive efforts of our colleagues in the CAN-MNCH network.
Now that the dust has settled on the Summit, I would like to share some reflections on the format and content of the event, which point to areas where we can surely improve our collective work in the future. In the second part of this piece, to be published in next Flash!, I will comment on the Prime Minister’s point on the size of the ODA budget not being important, and also on the too broadly promoted view that aid is on its way out and private sector funding on its way in.
SAVING women and children?
My first reaction at the summit was around the title: SAVING every WOMAN, every CHILD. The bold colored letters framed every visual at the conference. Now, is that not a bit paternalistic? Is this not a reflection of an old charity model that we have worked so hard to move away from in the international development community? Are we going back to it to some degree? I was unable to put this reflection out of my mind for the remainder of the Summit, and wondered if maybe this charity framework was central to the difficulties faced in opening up this agenda to focus on what is needed for women to take their own health into their own hands: empowerment and rights. As we move forward with Muskoka II, we must integrate a rights-based approach to this collective work more explicitly, and shift the way we think and talk about the women (and children) who we are intending to support.
It is worth remembering that in CCIC’s 10 point agenda (drafted in 2008, after broad consultation and collaborative work with our member organizations), we recommend that the government “ensure all Canadian international initiatives reflect and support Canada’s commitment to women’s rights and gender equality”. Furthermore, we state that financial and diplomatic support should be dedicated to women’s rights and equality issues including “policies and programs that focus on women’s sexual and reproductive health, including education on reproductive rights”. I would hope that this should not be divisive nor controversial here in Canada in 2014.
Attending but not participating
My second reaction to the summit was frustration at not being able to participate in any meaningful way. And more importantly, to be in a room filled with hundreds of experts in the field, and not be able to hear them reflect or discuss or debate the ways forward for MNCH. Now please bear in mind that I am of course a CSO person, and when invited to a three-day event I expect to be called upon to put my thinking cap on and help move things forward. After the Summit, people kept asking me “how was the summit?” and I was finding it difficult to explain this frustration. Until I landed on the analogy of having been a spectator at a fabulously orchestrated show, it was easier to explain that way. We were in fact invited to be the audience at a grand performance – a parade of the most senior and respected personalities from around the globe, all descending in what seemed like an endless sequence to praise Canada’s, and most importantly the Prime Minister’s, global leadership on MNCH.
If any of us had doubts about the Harper Government’s interest in being perceived as a global leader on international development issues, and of working in concert with others to tackle global challenges, we now stand corrected. We had the President of Tanzania, the CEO of the GAVI Alliance, the Ministers of Health from numerous African countries including Mali, Senegal and Nigeria, the CEO of the Clinton Health Access Initiative, the President of Sanofi Pasteur, His Highness the Aga Khan, Her Majesty the Queen of Jordan, Executive Directors of UNICEF, WFP, UNFPA, the Global Fund, the Director-General of WHO, Melinda Gates, the Administrator of USAID, The Secretary-General of the United Nations and the President of the World Bank. Wow! What a line-up of world leaders all gathered in Toronto to tell us what a great job we have done on this front. .. Impressive to say the least. Clearly this government does care about how it is perceived on the international development front.
To be there, definitely better than not to be there
Unlike in the media coverage of the event, I would say there was limited divergence of opinions aired at the Summit itself. The reproductive rights issue barely made it into the conversation, and there were only one or two brave voices that spoke in a slightly critical tone about some of the outstanding challenges that remain on this agenda. Even the SG of the UN seemed brave when he insisted that developed countries should not fall short of the 0.7% aid commitment made around the launch of the MDG agenda. Especially when our Prime Minister was insisting that size does not matter – more on that in the second part of this piece.
On day two, there was a brief moment (breakout session lasting 1.5 hours) where there was a little room for the audience to intervene. I jumped at the chance, and was the first to raise my hand and run to the microphone to make a point around the central role that CSO and aid have played in creating the conditions for innovations (including from the private sector ) on MNCH. More on that in the second part of this piece too!
But, do any of you remember the Conference on Women’s Economic Empowerment that Minister Bev Oda and Michelle Bachelet, then head of UN Women, co-hosted in October 2011? How many civil society organizations played any role in that conference or were even invited to attend? Two or three? This time at the MNCH Summit we saw more than a hundred CSO representatives at the conference, and many playing key roles behind the scenes and in the limelight. So even though at the Summit itself we were mostly “the audience”, this is a huge improvement over the total absence of any recognition of the key role that CSOs play in international development which was latent in the fall of 2011. So congratulations to all the CSOs that made this possible, and to the government for its inclusion of CSOs in this important agenda.
Do you have any reactions to this column? I’d like to hear from you! Please send any comments to Julia Sanchez.
On May 13-15, CCIC hosted its first joint conference “Redefining Development Partnerships: A New Role for Canadians in Global Equality and Cooperation” with the Canadian Association of International Development Professionals (CAIDP). The conference examined various aspects of partnerships within the current Canadian and international aid and contracting environments including: different types of partnerships, partnership principles, and ways to ensure equitable and effective partnerships. The conference also provided participants with useful tools and knowledge related to funding and contracting opportunities, and how to monitor and evaluate partnerships. Conference highlights included: a lively public event on Canada’s role on the international stage with Members of Parliament, an engaging address by the Rt. Hon. Joe Clark, a funding announcement by Minister Paradis, as well over 20 workshops. Stay tuned for the official Conference Report (available soon), conference photos and videos and details for next year’s conference!
It has been three years since the last major set of calls-for-proposals for under and over $2 million from Partnership with Canadians Branch (PwCB). According to a new report released by CCIC and the Inter-Council Network of Provincial and Regional Councils for International Cooperation (ICN), there are now very few Canadian civil society organizations (CSOs) that are not feeling some sort of impact on their work – reduced programs on the ground, partnerships and staff capacity – both overseas and in Canada. Groups largely attributed this to the change in institutional funding relationships and the absence of timely and predictable new funding opportunities for organizations to replace former Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) funding. The Report, based on a survey of 140 member organizations, assessed the impacts arising from the changing funding modalities in PwCB (now Partnerships for Development Innovation Branch) on Canadian CSOs, as well as new and emerging issues, such as new Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) rules. It lays out a series of recommendations that point to the need for a new strategic partnership between the Canadian government and Canadian international development and humanitarian CSOs.
DFATD has launched a two-month consultation on its “Draft Civil Society Partnership Policy.” The draft policy, which lays out an “approach to enhancing effective development cooperation with international, Canadian and developing country civil society organizations,” provides a definition of civil society, identifies the range of roles that CSOs play in development, principles which guide the government’s engagement in development cooperation, and a set of objectives and actions that correspond with the government’s development objectives for CSOs. Since the launch, CCIC has organized a French and English webinar for its membership to outline the process and timeline for, and opportunities to input to, CCIC’s submission, building on the findings of the report launched this month (see article above). CCIC, and around ten of its members, were also invited to a Roundtable with Minister Paradis to provide an initial assessment of the policy. The launch of the draft policy follows a recent thawing in relations between CIDA/DFATD and the CSO community. At the CCIC May Forum, the Minister recognized the importance of civil society for development and announced the volunteer cooperation and youth internship calls-for-proposals. A few days later he confirmed funding for the Provincial and Regional Councils. And in April, the Minister also released a statement supporting an enabling environment for CSOs in developing countries, including through legislative and policy changes, through predictable and diverse funding and through multi-stakeholder dialogue. For more information on the CCIC process for preparing its submission, contact Michelle Bested.
Industry Canada recently posted a notice that they are sending to federal non-profit corporations under the Canada Corporations Act reminding them that October 17 is coming up and if they don't act they could face dissolution. Since the Act does not apply automatically, all non-for-profit corporations must make the transition by the deadline. There is a Transition Guide which provides you with step-by-step instructions. If you have not already made the transition, do so before October 17!
Regulations enforcing Canada’s Anti-Spam Law (CASL) take effect on July 1, 2014. Imagine Canada has recently circulated two newsletters on this issue and how it applies to charities and not-for-profit, on June 5th and on June 24th. In the first newsletter, Industry Canada advised Imagine Canada that, in addition to activities covered by the Canada Revenue Agency fundraising definition, they deem the following types of activities carried out by charities to be exempt: (1) newsletters that promote upcoming fundraising events, even where mention is made of corporate sponsors of those events; (2) promoting charitable activities that may involve a cost-recovery element (charging participants for materials, for example); and (3) the promotion of events and the sale of tickets by organizations such as those of performing arts or cultural institutions, where the proceeds flow directly to the charity. CASL only applies to commercial electronic messages. Newsletters and purely informational items are exempt if they do not contain commercial material. However, according to the second newsletter published by Imagine Canada on June 24th, the CRTC, which is responsible for enforcing CASL, contacted Imagine Canada to let them know that there are inconsistencies between their interpretation of the exemption for commercial electronic messages sent by registered charities, the primary purpose of which is raising funds, and that of Industry Canada. The CRTC has yet to issue official guidance on the exemption as it applies to charities and has indicated that an FAQ document pertaining to registered charities will be issued in the coming weeks. As such, the full extent of the discrepancies between the interpretation provided by Industry Canada, the authors of the legislation and regulations, and the CRTC, may only become clear after the legislation takes effect. Imagine Canada has written to the CRTC asking to meet with them immediately to obtain clarification and guidance to assist charities. CCIC will keep its members informed on future developments.
The Beyond 2015 campaign recently published its reaction to the Open Working Group’s Co-Chairs' 'Zero Draft', which is the latest version of a document proposing goals and targets for the post-2015 development framework that will succeed the Millennium Development Goals. Beyond 2015 welcomed the reintroduction of a goal on reducing inequalities and the proposal of targets related to beyond GDP capital accounting. It also highlighted continuing concerns around universality, the importance of a human rights approach, and the need for more ambition regarding climate change. The Open Working Group met again in New York on June 16-20 and a revised version of the zero draft may come out in the next few weeks. Consult the Beyond 2015 website regularly for updates.
CCIC has coordinated a Women’s Rights Policy Group (WRPG) since the early 2000s to strengthen the focus on women's rights in the international cooperation agenda. The group is currently co-chaired by Oxfam and The MATCH International Women's Fund, and is made up of approximately 30 participating organizations in addition to individual members. In follow-up to the successful Annual General Meeting of the Women’s Rights Policy Group (WRPG) held on March 18th, the WRPG would like to share the final report outlining the outcomes and next steps. For 2014-2015, the working group has decided to run a campaign aimed at ensuring that critical women’s rights issues are discussed and commitments made in the run-up to the 2015 federal election. To carry this campaign forward, the WRPG has created two sub-groups: a policy & advocacy group focused on identifying policy asks and strategies, and a public engagement group focused on developing communication and outreach strategies. The WRPG is open to new members and looking for individuals to get involved! For more information, you may contact Lauren Ravon.
It’s that time of year again. The ACF is getting ready to host its Annual Colloquium on October 14 and 15, 2014 and needs your help in shaping it! ACF is looking for a steering committee to help input on themes and subthemes, agenda, and speakers for its forum. There are already some provisional ideas on the table, but ACF need some support from its members to make this a great event that reflects your interests! In the meantime save the date! Registration should be open in July. Please contact Kimberly MacMillan if you would like to get involved.
Africa Canada Forum members are invited to participate in a meeting with the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD) on October 30, 2014. This meeting presents an opportunity to touch base on DFATD's priorities in Africa, talk about the merger process and to discuss issues that are of particular interest to civil society organizations. This meeting will include the participation of people from the three branches of DFATD: foreign affairs, trade and development. The agenda will be designed in the coming months and the content will be drawn from our ACF-DFATD April 15th meeting. For more information and to register, please contact Kimberly MacMillan.
On June 9th, the APWG, the Africa-Canada Forum and PAGER collaborated to organize an event on the topic of the transition from relief to recovery. More specifically, speakers addressed issues related to the transition from emergency humanitarian relief to long term development in the Philippines and South Sudan. Jess Agustin (Development and Peace) spoke about the work of his organization in the Philippines after the devastation left by typhoon Yolanda while Jim Davis (Kairos) shared his perspective on the dire situation in South Sudan. The panel was moderated by Julian Murray, an experienced consultant in international development and humanitarian assistance who worked with the UNHCR and CIDA. 28 people participated in this event held at the University of Toronto.
The APWG also held a regional APWG members meeting in Toronto at Kairos' office on June 10 to discuss the activities on the working group as well as those of member organizations. Some interesting suggestions were made regarding the work plan and activities in the fall. APWG members can receive a copy of this report by contacting Denis Côté or Kimberly MacMillan.
Since FLASH! was last published at the end of April, we’ve posted four new articles on our blog. Make sure that you have a look at it if you haven’t consulted them already! Following up on her participation at the High Level Meeting of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation in Mexico last April, Heather McPherson, Executive Director at the Alberta Council for International Cooperation wrote a two part article to share her reflections on what has been achieved since Busan and the challenges looking forward. Professor Akio Takayanagi, a Japanese academic who monitors Canadian aid, attended CCIC’s last two annual conferences and shared his reflections on reasons to be optimistic and pessimistic given last changes in the Canadian context for, and engagement in, international development. Finally, Denis Côté from CCIC, provided a very good overview of the important work that has been done globally to prepare the new development framework for beyond 2015, and the next key steps.
The Ottawa Citizen Blog on Aid and Development, which provided a unique platform for development practitioners, academics, researchers and others, and had become quite popular after only year of existence, has been cancelled. The Citizen has changed to a new platform for its online version and is moving away from blogs. This is very disappointing news, since a lot of effort was put into promoting it and contributing to it. But other vehicles exist to pursue the conversation and continue to reflect on our work and roles in international development, as well as to share success stories and best practices. CCIC has its own blog where we always welcome guest bloggers, which publishes articles in English and French. Francophone bloggers can submit articles to Un seul monde, a blog managed by the Huffington Post Québec. And we have contacted Huffington Post Canada to explore their interest in creating something similar in English. To publish in CCIC’s blog, please contact Chantal Havard.
(To advance its policy agenda, support existing networks and have a greater impact, CCIC is involved in many coalitions. Each month we will be featuring one of them in Flash! so that you can get involved with them too.)
Beyond 2015 is a global civil society campaign advocating for a strong and legitimate successor framework to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The campaign, launched in 2010, brings together more than 1000 civil society organizations – including small community based organizations, international NGOs, academics and trade unions - based in 132 countries. It seeks to create a civil society consensus around a minimum standard of legitimacy for a post-2015 framework, both in terms of the process and the framework itself, and aims to use this consensus to influence the creation of such a framework at both the national and international level. Whilst participating organisations have a range of views regarding the content of a post-2015 framework, they are united in their desire to contribute to the emergence of a global, overarching, cross thematic framework to succeed MDGs in 2015, and ensure that the process of developing this framework is participatory, inclusive and responsive to the voices of those directly affected by poverty and injustice. Beyond 2015 closely follows the current process that will lead us to a post-2015 framework and have recently published a response to the Open Working Group’s Co-Chairs' 'zero draft' entitled “Introduction and proposed goals and targets on sustainable development for the post 2015 development agenda”. The campaign has a Secretariat team as well as Regional Coordinators for Africa, Asia, Latin America, Pacific and Europe. In Canada, the Canadian Council for International Co-operation (CCIC) acts as the national lead agency for Beyond 2015. You can follow Beyond 2015 on Twitter (@beyond2015) and on Facebook (beyond2015campaign). For more information about the activities organized here in Canada, please contact Denis Côté or Fraser Reilly-King.
This month CCIC met with Chris Eaton, CEO of World University Service of Canada (WUSC), one of Canada’s oldest and most active international development organization. Mr. Eaton talked about one of WUSC’s flag ship program (read more to discover!) and shared reflections and hopes for the future of his organization….among other things!
CCIC - The Student Refugee Program (SRP) is one of WUSC’s flagship programs. Can you tell us more about the SRP program and what makes it so unique?
The Student Refugee Program is the only program in the world that combines post-secondary education with refugee resettlement, and the only known youth-to-youth sponsorship model. The program is made possible by Canadian youth and post-secondary institutions whose efforts combined with WUSC, Citizenship and Immigration Canada and UNHCR resettle and provide educational opportunities to refugee youth who would otherwise not have access to higher education.
The program has active sponsoring groups on approximately 65 post-secondary campuses across Canada, engages over 600,000 Canadian students annually, and welcomes 75 new refugee students each summer. With a graduation rate of 97%, the program promotes the successful integration of refugees into Canada, the civic engagement of young Canadians, and the enrichment and internationalization of university and college campuses across the country. In 2013, WUSC celebrated the program’s 35th anniversary, and the cumulative arrival of nearly 1400 students.
From May 29-June 1, a large coalition of civil society organizations, including various CCIC members, convened the PPT, examining both the actions of Canadian mining companies operating in Latin America, as well as the Canadian government’s role in providing support to the industry. During the PPT, an eight person expert jury, joined by an audience of approximately 100 people, heard testimony from members of mining-impacts communities regarding on the ground realities, as well as expert witnesses who spoke about Canada’s support to the mining industry. Ultimately, the expert jury found several Canadian companies responsible for human rights violations. They also found the Canadian state, as well as the Latin America states in which these companies operate at fault for not having prevented and for facilitating, tolerating or covering up these human rights violations, in addition to impeding access to adequate mechanisms that would protect the victims from these violations.
Development and Peace's latest education campaign, A Voice for Justice, was launched in response to reports from mine-affected communities in Africa, Asia and Latin America that are experiencing conflict, pollution, forced displacements and other negative impacts from the presence of Canadian mines. A Voice for Justice calls on the Government of Canada to establish an independent ombudsman for the Canadian extractive sector that can investigate complaints brought by communities overseas where companies operate. On Wednesday, May 14th at noon on Parliament Hill in Ottawa, hundreds of people from across Canada took part in a mass rally calling for Canadian mining companies to be accountable for their actions oversea. Since launching this campaign in September, over 80,000 people in Canada have expressed their support for this call.
The campaign asks you to take action to protect a child from slavery. Visit their website to learn about the issues through social media, such as info graphics, videos and case studies. Also, take action by signing a petition and help spread the word by using their campaign toolkits.
Coady now has a certificate in Research for Citizen-Led Change. This two and a half week course (October 15-31, 2014) offers a collaborative approach to learning. Case study examples of research for citizen action will be integral to the course. Participants will learn about different types of research and how they can contribute to citizens capacity to make and shape decisions, how indigenous research practice, research quality, and the ethical responsibilities of collaborating with local communities will help build new knowledge. This course is facilitated by: Alison Mathie, Eileen Alma & John Gaventa. For full information about this or other courses please go to the online page. Partial scholarships are available for qualified candidates from the global South.
One of the preconditions identified in The North-South Institute and CCIC research study on donor approaches to the private sector was the ability for donors to demonstrate financial and development additionality in their projects with Canadian and Multinational private sectors. The Donor Committee for Enterprise Development has issued a new set of good practice guidelines that lay out eight practical criteria and principles that can help agencies to credibly demonstrate additionality in their partnerships with business - based on the experiences and lessons of a range of practitioners.
Produced by the Women’s Policy Group, a new report entitled “Digging Deeper: Towards Greater Action on Global Rights for Women and Girls,” addresses the need to strengthen Canadian initiatives in support of global women’s rights over the next decade and to increase giving and support in Canada by Canadian CSOs, Canadian Foundations, DFATD and the public to women’s rights organizations.
Three reports were released recently on illicit financial flows. The OECD released two, one on their member’s responses to the issue, and the other on policy coherence and illicit flows. Global Financial Integrity, which produces an annual overview of illicit flows from developing countries over the past decade, released Hiding In Plain Sight. It examines trade flows into and out of Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania and Uganda between 2002 and 2011, and makes a range of recommendations for government's hoping to combat trade invoicing.
The UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and of Association, along with the Community of Democracies, has released a set of general principles as they relate the ability of civil society to seek, receive and use resources – an essential element of the freedom of association. It is part of a two year project focused on the issue, and builds on the Special Rapporteurs report on the issue.
With the debate on the post-2015 development framework in full swing, the third international Chronic Poverty Report addresses one key question: what needs to be done to get to (or close to) zero extreme poverty by 2030 – the new goal for global poverty reduction?
The Mining Working Group at the UN (MWG), a coalition of NGOs that advocates for human and environmental rights in resource extraction, produced an advocacy brief on “A Rights-Based Approach to Resource Extraction in the Pursuit of Sustainable Development," to feed into the 11th session of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals. It provides the rationale for a rights-based approach to sustainable development, particularly as regards extractive industries, in accordance with the international human rights framework, and a litmus test for ensuring projects do no harm; are people-centered; contribute to the eradication of poverty; and promote a sustainable world.
Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future and partners has produced a new tool to help governments and other stakeholders create and choose ambitious and effective sustainable development goals (SDGs) and targets – in the context of a large and diverse range of goals and targets being suggested for inclusion in the new global framework – which fulfill the commitments made by world leaders at Rio+20.
A new advocacy toolkit on the post-2015 development agenda, created jointly by the International Forum of Platforms with CIVICUS and Stakeholder Forum, is designed for civil society and other stakeholder organisations that wish to influence the post-2015 development agenda, including the design and implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and develop and implement an effective post-2015 advocacy strategy.
A new briefing from the Center for Economic and Social Rights (CESR) and Christian Aid—released for the 11th session of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals—sets out the commitments needed to deliver a ‘Post-2015 Fiscal Revolution’. To do so the document suggests integrating human rights standards into the design of fiscal policy at both the national and international levels.
This report published by CIVICUS draws on contributions from more than 30 of the world’s leading experts on civil society as well as on inputs from members, partners, supporters and others in the global CIVICUS alliance. The varied contributions highlight changing global political dynamics, an emerging disillusionment with global frameworks of governance and a fundamental lack of accountability within international decision-making.
This website seeks to shed light on the government funded and mandated Canadian International Institute for Extractive Industries and Development (CIIEID) hosted at three Canadian universities and headquartered at the University of British Columbia (UBC). The CIIEID, described on its website as “an independent, international Institute to improve governance of extractive sectors in developing countries,” has been subject to criticisms that it will be used to further Canadian mining interests abroad, to the detriment of mine-impacted communities.
InterAction has recently launched its NGO Aid Map, covering projects in all sectors and all countries . While they are still adding data, the map already features almost 3,000 projects in 139 countries from 86 organizations.
14 Arguments in Favour of Human Rights Institutions, edited by Shelagh Day, Lucie Lamarche and Ken Norman as well as Speaking Out on Human Rights: Debating Canada's Human Rights System, by Pearl Eliadis, will help readers to evaluate criticism of human rights institutions, including commissions and tribunals, so that Canadians can strengthen current systems and ensure that they are responding to today’s problems in the field of human rights.
If you have an item for Flash, send it by e-mail to Chantal Havard. Please note that Flash items should be no longer than one paragraph.
Canadian Council for International Co-operation